Edited by HENRY REED, Ph.D.
February 08,   2019
Feeling Better

 

Feeling Better:

Beat Depression and Improve Your Relationships with Interpersonal Psychotherapy

By

Cindy Goodman Stulberg and Ronald J. Frey

Reviewed  by Henry Reed

I've come to address my depression as my "meat tenderizer." It gets me down and  despirited, just what I need to experience some tenderness with myself. Lighten up! If I'm mindful enough to catch myself  going on one of my bummer monologues, I can change the subject. If I find that I'm back there again, ruminating, this Capricorn will  then stop the show and sit down for some self-reflective listening. In the course of sharing with myself how I'm feeling, the listening presence gradually brings me from anger to frustration, to sadness, then longing. If the tenderizer effect works well enough, I might even loosen up a bit, soften my goals, ease up on the throttle, and cruise for awhile, a chance to smell the roses and find gratitude revealing a more  aesthetic truth than my annoyances, grievances, and other protests about how things are not as they "should" be. Going for a walk is good, too.

All what I'm describing is kind of an introverted loner's approach to dealing with the drudge depression. So I was a  bit  surprised  to read the in the title of what proved to be an excellent book, "Beat depression... with Interpersonal Psychotherapy." Not that I didn't think therapy was pertinent. But I think I imagined such therapy as being of a one-on-one kind, where the therapist would be a coach, improving my skills at unwinding and thought control. What might  depression have to do with relationships? OMG, it hit me suddently, as I realized that in my internal, psycho medicine, self-hugging, there was an important element of allowing myself to be OK even with a lower grade and to find myself still lovable. There's nothing like heart open conversations with others that so heals the heart. Of  course, and suddenly, the guiding spirit of this approach to healing became clear to me. It is the stance of the archetypal feminine, the sense of me as "All my Relations," instead of me as "All my Qualities." Relationship as key, of course. It's alien to the style I evolved for protection, but actually works a lot better.

Getting on board with their approach, I imagined going through the 12 week program they describe. They are not advocating my going to a group therapy of  their design. Talking to your doctor about your concerns is  mentioned  several times, but I didn't come across a reference to, description of, or recommendation concerning joining a therapy group. Rather, they present in some detail 12 weeks of adventures in healing for the reader to engage. One of the first assignments is about writing down your feelings. Along the way, finding someone to talk to, and learning different ways of talking about problems, is part of the lineup of missions for the reader to  fulfill. I found it inviting, creative, and holistic, involving mind, body, social and spiritual. Reading the interview below, you will learn that in fact, they do have a group therapy regimen that folks attend, as I would have assumed. Yet the way they present the weekly adventures, there's certainly a  sense of self-directed  care, which can include seeking hugs and support!

For me, depression is a stage in a spiral process, coming at times when change is needed but delayed due to overinvested perspectives, and is part of the creative cycle. Not wanting to "get rid" of  stuff in me I don't like, but rather grooming and educating those parts into transformation, I nevertheless found their approach quite appealing and positive, quite consistent with an unconditional acceptance of the perfection in every moment in a process of eternal change. The biggest thing for me was to remember about my relations,  maybe give an old friend a call.

An interview with Cindy Goodman Stulberg, CPsych and Ronald Frey, PhD

Compliments of the publisher, New World Library

 

For years, the first line of defense for depression has been pharmaceuticals, but in their new book Feeling Better: Beat Depression and Improve Your Relationships with Interpersonal Psychotherapy, psychologists and authors Cindy Goodman Stulberg and Ronald J. Frey, PhD, say that it is actually our relationships that offer the most effective path to healing. Knowing that depression is an illness as legitimate as any physical ailment, Feeling Better helps readers get clarity around the four main areas in life that can be contributing factors to why people feel sad, blue, down, and depressed: life transitions, complicated grief, interpersonal conflict, or social isolation. We hope you’ll enjoy this short interview with Cindy and Ron about the book.

You encourage readers to think of their depression like a broken leg. Why is that?

 

Unfortunately, there is still a lot of negative stigma surrounding mental health in our society. People accept this and blame themselves or feel ashamed if they are depressed. Many suffer in silence. By viewing depression as a medical illness (like pneumonia or a broken leg) people are more inclined to ask for help and to take some time off from responsibilities so they can focus on optimizing their interpersonal relationships.  Additionally, as others begin to see mental illness similar to a physical illness, they will provide care, support and compassion for those suffering.

 

Your book Feeling Better offers an introduction to Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT). What is IPT exactly?

 

IPT is a short-term, research proven therapy that usually lasts 8-12 weeks. It helps clients improve their relationships, which then improves their mood.  It provides a new set of skills you can use to conquer depression and it can help prevent future episodes.  Two doctors created the model in the 1960s to treat adults with depression and has been adapted for the treatment of adolescents and older adults as well. IPT can be used in individual or group settings to treat classic depression and related illnesses like chronic depression, postpartum depression, eating disorders, and more.

 

IPT focuses on what is happening currently, not on the past. It is based on the premise that building meaningful and constructive relationships will help you feel better. It is structured and collaborative and helps clients articulate and deal with their feelings in a constructive and interpersonal way.  Most importantly, it helps clients become aware of the impact their social and intimate interactions have on their feelings and on the feeling of the individuals they interact with.

 

You say in the book that working through feelings is a lot like sorting through the stuff you’ve stored in a messy basement. Tell us more.

 

You may not know everything that you have stored down in your basement.  While sorting through all your stuff, you could choose to just throw everything away to avoid any potentially painful memories from surfacing. Alternatively, you could sit in a chair and carefully look through what is in all those boxes and experience a ‘mixed bag of emotions’ all alone. IPT offers a different and ultimately more rewarding approach of going through the piles of boxes with a friend.  You’ll likely experience some tears, some laughter, some anger, and some frustration but experiencing these feeling with someone else is infinitely healthier than experiencing them alone.

 

You say in the book that there are four different problem areas in our lives that contribute to depression. Please tell us what they are.

 

People who are experiencing conflicts or disputes, life transitions (like a divorce, birth of a child, job loss), unresolved bereavement, or feelings of loneliness and isolation, are at risk for becoming depressed.  IPT uses these four areas to focus the therapy sessions and to create achievable goals. The approach creates a very focused collaborative approach that ensures that individuals will feel better faster.

 

Talk to us about the role that expectations play both in depression and the healing process.

 

The word expectations and the role it plays is one of the best parts about IPT. It starts from the premise that people and situations are not good or bad, or black or white. It is based on the idea that in a relationship, expectations can differ or change over the passage of time. For example, if I expect my husband to be talkative when we are in the car together, I am going to be disappointed because that is not who he is and he doesn’t expect himself to be talkative either. It’s not that he’s good or bad, or I am right and he is wrong, it is that we have different desires and expectations.

 

In order to resolve an important conflict, you need to identify what your expectations of yourself and others are and you need to understand what their expectations of themselves and of you are. You then need to learn how to effectively negotiate the differences. Identifying and managing shared and different expectations will ensure less conflict and an improvement in mood.

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What do you most hope readers will take away from your book Feeling Better?

 

Our greatest hope is to share IPT with as many people as possible, since it has been the best kept secret in psychology until now. When people see how valuable, practical IPT is and how much “common sense” is embedded in this mode, it is our hope that they will realize that IPT strategies can do a lot to help them feel better again.  We also hope that bringing IPT to the general public, through this book, will encourage communities to see the value of IPT as a first line treatment approach for depression and that ever increasing numbers of clinicians will make it accessible for those who would benefit from the therapy.

 

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Cindy Goodman Stulberg, DCS, CPsych, and Ronald J. Frey, PhD, CPsych, are the authors of Feeling Better and directors of the Institute for Interpersonal Psychotherapy. Visit them online at http://interpersonalpsychotherapy.com.

 

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